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What to Include in Your Emergency Kit

Emergency Kit

Creating an emergency kit is a crucial step in preparedness for various types of emergencies, such as natural disasters, power outages, or unexpected crises. The contents of your emergency kit can vary depending on your location, the specific risks you face, and the needs of your household. Here is a general list of items to include in your emergency kit:

Emergency Kit

  1. Water: Plan for at least one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation.
  2. Non-Perishable Food: Stock up on a three-day supply of non-perishable food items. Include items like canned goods, energy bars, dried fruits, and nuts. Don’t forget a manual can opener.
  3. Battery-Powered or Hand-Crank Radio: A NOAA Weather Radio or a battery-powered/hand-crank radio can help you stay informed about emergency situations.
  4. Flashlight: Include a flashlight with extra batteries for each member of your household.
  5. First Aid Kit: A basic first aid kit should contain bandages, antiseptic wipes, adhesive tape, scissors, tweezers, pain relievers, and any prescription medications you or your family members may need.
  6. Medications: Keep a supply of necessary prescription and over-the-counter medications.
  7. Personal Hygiene Items: This includes soap, hand sanitizer, toothbrush, toothpaste, feminine hygiene products, and moist towelettes.
  8. Multi-Tool or Swiss Army Knife: A versatile tool can be very handy for various tasks.
  9. Copies of Important Documents: Photocopies of personal identification, insurance policies, bank account information, and other important documents should be stored in a waterproof container.
  10. Cell Phone Charger: Have a portable charger or a solar-powered charger to keep your phone powered up.
  11. Cash: Include some cash in small denominations, as ATMs and credit card machines may not work during emergencies.
  12. Blankets or Sleeping Bags: These are crucial for staying warm if you need to spend a night outdoors or if your heating system fails.
  13. Clothing: Pack extra clothing appropriate for the climate in your area, including sturdy shoes, rain gear, and warm clothing.
  14. Duct Tape and Plastic Sheeting: Useful for sealing windows and doors in case of chemical or biological threats.
  15. Whistle: A whistle can be used to signal for help if you become trapped.
  16. Local Maps: Familiarize yourself with your area’s geography and keep local maps in your kit.
  17. Baby Supplies: If you have infants or young children, include formula, diapers, bottles, and baby food.
  18. Pet Supplies: If you have pets, include pet food, water, and any medications they may need.
  19. Entertainment: Consider including books, playing cards, or other forms of entertainment to pass the time.
  20. Special Needs Items: If you or any family members have special medical needs, mobility requirements, or dietary restrictions, make sure to include items to accommodate these needs.
  21. Tools and Supplies: Basic tools like pliers, wrenches, and screwdrivers can be helpful. Also, include items like duct tape, rope, and plastic bags.
  22. Fire Extinguisher: A small fire extinguisher can be valuable in case of small fires.
  23. Face Masks: In situations where air quality is compromised, such as during wildfires or pandemics, masks can provide protection.
  24. Hygiene Items: Include personal hygiene items like toilet paper, garbage bags, and disinfectant wipes.
  25. Local Emergency Contact Information: Have a list of local emergency contact numbers, including family members, friends, and local authorities.

Remember to periodically check and update your emergency kit to ensure that food and other perishable items are still within their use-by dates, batteries are fresh, and that it meets the changing needs of your household. It’s also important to have a communication plan and a designated meeting place for your family in case you get separated during an emergency.


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